Following unprotected sex or contraceptive failure, emergency contraception is an option for women to avoid unplanned pregnancy.
In Australia, there are two types of emergency contraception available:
- The copper intra-uterine device (IUD) is the most effective emergency contraceptive. It can be inserted up to 120 hours (five days) after unprotected sex and provides long lasting and effective long-term protection.
- Emergency contraceptive pills (also known as the morning after pill or ECP) may stop a pregnancy before it starts by preventing or delaying the release of an egg from the ovaries.
There are two kinds of morning after pill available in Australia and both must be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex.
- One can be used up to 72 hours (three days) afterwards. It is available over-the-counter without a prescription at a pharmacy.
- The other is a new type of morning after pill that can be used up to 120 hours (five days) afterwards. It can also be bought without a prescription at a pharmacy.
It is important to remember that emergency contraceptive pills may only work up to 72 and 120 hours after engaging in unprotected sex, depending on which one you take, with the effectiveness decreasing after the first 24 hours.
Please speak to your doctor or pharmacist for more information or you can ask about advance supply at your next Dr Marie appointment – so that you’re always prepared.
Both types of morning after pill are available over-the-counter at your local pharmacy without a prescription and cost between $15 and $45, depending on the type and brand.
There are also differences in the effectiveness of the two types of morning after pill. Your doctor or pharmacist can discuss your options with you.
It does not prevent pregnancy as effectively as other contraceptive methods.
If used more than once in a menstrual cycle it is more likely to upset your menstrual cycle.
If you find yourself regularly requiring the morning after pill it is recommended you visit your local GP, sexual health clinic or Dr Marie clinic to discuss your contraceptive options.
Pharmacists can refuse supply on religious grounds, but must refer you to another supplier if that is the case. Pharmacists who decline supply on religious grounds sometimes do so in the belief this contraception is an abortion pill, which is incorrect.
Ask your doctor about getting an advanced supply of the emergency contraceptive pill at your next Dr Marie appointment, so that you’re always prepared.